An applicable approach to mitigate pressure rise rate in an HCCI engine with negative valve overlap
Hunicz, Jacek; Mikulski, Maciej; Geca, Michal S.; Rybak, Arkadiusz (2020-01-01)
Geca, Michal S.
Julkaisun pysyvä osoite on
Low-temperature combustion in a homogeneous-charge compression-ignition (HCCI) engine offers high thermalefficiency while cutting offemissions. However, HCCI’s feasibility is hampered by excessive peak pressure riserates under high load, causing combustion noise and possible engine damage. This study considers extending thehigh-load limit in a boosted HCCI engine accommodating variable valve timing and fuel reforming during ne-gative valve overlap. Three techniques are evaluated on a research engine: (i) exhaust valve timing retardation(ii) boost pressure adjustment and (iii) reduction of fuel subjected to reforming. Two load regimes are explored:a mid-load point with indicated mean effective pressure of 0.61 MPa; and high-load conditions achieved by 25%more fuelling. The former is often reported as boundary condition for HCCI’s, the latter is usually far beyond theacceptable pressure rise rate limit. Results indicate that strategies (i) and (iii) offer a trade-off-free solution forhigh-load extension. This can be realized as a supervisory, in-cylinder pressure based, control function.Independently of the pressure rise rate mitigation method considered, two key variables are crucial for closed-loop control: the in-cylinder volume at 50% fuel burnt and the combustion duration. They are closely coupledand can be real-time calculated using well-established control framework based on sensing the combustiontiming. The expansion rate and differences in fuel mass subjected to reforming are secondary for pressure riserate estimation and should be considered if greater accuracy is required.
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