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Multi-level optimization framework for resilient distribution system expansion planning with distributed energy resources
A multi-stage optimization framework is proposed in this paper for the resilient electric distribution system expansion planning problem. The Non-utility Distributed Energy Resources (NDERs) can deliver their electricity ...
Optimal operation of electrical and thermal resources in microgrids with energy hubs considering uncertainties
Microgrids are often designed as energy systems that supply electrical and thermal loads with local resources such as combined heat and power units, renewable energy sources, diesel generators, and others. However, increasing ...
Impact factors analysis on the probability characterized effects of time of use demand response tariffs using association rule mining method
Time of use (TOU) rate has been regarded as an effective strategy to associate utility companies to avoid peak time financial risks and make the most profit out of the market, while most programs are not effective as ...